JOEL, SOLOMON BARNATO (1865–1931), South African mining magnate and financier. He was one of three brothers, sons of a Whitechapel shopkeeper and nephews of barney barnato . They succeeded to Barnato's financial empire after his suicide in 1897. Joel (who was known as "Solly Joel") and his two brothers had joined their uncle on the Kimberley diamond fields in South Africa and were the earliest to reach the Rand after the discovery of gold. Joel faced his biggest challenge when the gold market was shaken by the aftermath of the Jameson Raid in 1896, when he was arrested but freed. This was followed by his uncle's suicide and the death of his brother Woolf, who was shot and killed in his Johannesburg office. Joel succeeded Barnato as a director of De Beers and chairman of the Johannesburg Consolidated Investment Company and other companies. Despite criticism, he successfully followed a policy of restricting diamond output to keep pace with demand and became one of the richest men of his time. Solly Joel, who had a different suit for each day of the year, came to typify the new generation of millionaires produced by South Africa at the turn of the century, who were well known in London as well. He was a sportsman and a lavish host, a patron of the theater, and owned yachts, racing stables, and the Maiden Erleigh stud farm. In 1915 his horse won the Derby and the St. Leger and in 1921 he headed the list of winning owners. The career of his brother ISAAC BARNATO "JACK" JOEL (1862–1940) resembled, in part, that of Solly, whom he succeeded as chairman of the Johannesburg Consolidated Investment Company. He was also prominent on the English turf, won the Derby twice (1911, 1921) and three times headed the list of winning owners (1908, 1913, and 1914). Jack Joel left a fortune of £3,684,000 at his death. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Saron and L. Hotz (eds.), Jews in South Africa (1955), 113f.; P.H. Emden, Randlords (1935), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online; Dictionary of South African Biography; S. Joel, Ace of Diamonds: The Story of Solomon Barnato Joel (1958); G. Wheatcroft, The Randlords (1986). (Lewis Sowden)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Joel, Solomon Barnato — (1865–1931)    South African mining millionaire. As young men, Solly Joel and his brothers Woolf and Jack (1862–1940) left their Whitechapel home to seek their fortune with their flamboyant uncle Barney BARNATO, who was Cecil Rhodes’ rival and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Joel, Solomon Barnato — (1865 1931)    South African industrialist. Born in London, he and his brothers left London to work for their uncle Barney Barnato who was a partner in the control of the Kimberly diamond mines in South Africa. After the suicide of Bernato and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Solomon Joel — Solomon Barnato Joel (May 23, 1865 May 22, 1931) was a South African financier and mining, brewing and railway magnate.CareerKnown as Solly , he was born into a Jewish family, being one of three sons of Joel Joel (a London tavernkeeper of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Joel family — The Joel family of England was headed by three brothers, Isaac, Woolf and Solomon, who made a fortune in diamond and gold mining in South Africa. Their father was Joel Joel (1836 1893) and their mother Catherine Isaacs (1840 1917) Kate , a sister …   Wikipedia

  • Dudley Joel — Dudley Jack Barnato Joel (26 April 1904 – 28 May 1941) was a British businessman and Conservative Party politician. Biography Part of the wealthy and prominent Joel family, he was the son of businessman Solomon Barnato Joel and his wife Ellen… …   Wikipedia

  • POLITICS — Introduction Jewish involvement in national politics in the various countries in which they settled dates from the period of Jewish emancipation at the end of the 18th and the first half of the 19th century. In fact, personalities such as joseph… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SPORTS — There is no evidence of sports among the Jews during the obscure period between the close of the Bible and the Maccabean periods. At the beginning of this latter period, in the second century B.C.E., circumstances conspired to make sporting… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Randlord — is a term used to denote the entrepreneurs who controlled the diamond and gold mining industries in South Africa in its pioneer phase from the 1870s up to World War I.A small number of European adventurers and financiers, largely of the same… …   Wikipedia

  • St. Leger Stakes — Group 1 race St. Leger Stakes Location Doncaster Racecourse Doncaster, England Inaugurated 1776 Race type Flat / Thoroughbred Sponsor Ladbrokes Website …   Wikipedia

  • Epsom Derby — The Derby redirects here. For other uses, see Derby (disambiguation). Group 1 race Derby Stakes The Derby at Epsom, 1821 by Théodore Géricault (1791–1824) Location Epsom Downs …   Wikipedia

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